How to Give a Site Tour

Before we gave our public site tours, the site leader (Steve Roskams) gave US a tour to tell us what to say to the public. This resulted in a video which gives you all an insight into how site tours are ran and how we talk to the public about excavation. It’s also a great way for you guys to see the site if you couldn’t make it in person! Check it out below.

Hope you enjoyed the video! If you have an questions then please let me know and I’ll be happy to answer them.

~Amy 🙂

What happens to all the finds?

This week I’m talking to Caitlin our finds officer about what happens to everything we find. From when we find it in the ground to what happens to it back at the University. She also shows us some of the cool stuff we’ve found and tells us a little about it!

Big shout out to Caitlin for helping me make this video, I think it might be my favourite one so far!

Thanks for watching!

~Amy 🙂

Interpretation in Trench 9

Although we’ve had three full weeks on site so far we’re only just finishing the second week of looking at the archaeology of the trench that I’m working in at the moment. That means that we finally have an idea of what’s going on, this is gonna be a long one so without further ado this is what we have in Trench 9:

(however if you want ‘further ado’ you can check out my post called ‘Introduction to the Site’ which talks a little more about the context we’re working in).

As a geordie lass I think it’s appropriate that we start in the north.

We have a pile of rubble (it’s a ROMAN pile of rubble if that makes it more exciting). I jest, it’s actually pretty interesting. We think it’s something that has collapsed during the last phase of occupation (rubble is marked out in red). The lines marked in yellow are not a feature but rather the marks from last years excavation. The area in blue at the back where the two women are working is currently very interesting because it is producing a lot of finds such as nails, glass, bones and teeth. There is also some long scratch marks over the whole thing and these are caused by medieval ploughing.

Interpretation: there is a couple of things that this could mean. The rubble is most likely from something collapsed: maybe a building, could this have collapsed after it was abandoned? Did it happen while it was in use? Could there have been anyone in the building when it collapsed? Another idea is that it could have been a surface that might have been used to walk on as a yard or the floor of a building.

You can see the depth of the rubble here.

Moving a bit further south we have the antiquarian trench (marked in red). This was a trench made from an excavation in 1927 than runs through the fort and into the vicus (check out my post ‘Introduction to the Site’ for more info on what a vicus is). It pretty much cuts straight through our rubble pile. Although this might appear to be a negative thing is simply adds another layer to the history of our trench and it also leaves the opportunity to look at some of the beautiful stratigraphy. Stratigraphy is the different layers that are laid on top of each other over the years: think of it like lasagna, which has lots of different layers that you can see when you cut it. In order to get a better look at this strat (as it’s known it’s the business) a box trench was cut into the side last year (marked in yellow). The blue is a great example of some simple strat: the darker stuff is topsoil that was used to fill the trench when they finished the dig last year, then there’s a black tarp separating that from the archaeology underneath.

Let’s talk about this strat for a second. So the layers we’re looking at are:

  • Rubble: possibly caused by a collapsed building
  • Thin Red: stone can turn red in two ways. The first is just by wear and tear, people walking on it, exposed to the elements ect. The second way is by heating/burning.
  • Yellow: this is most likely a layer or mortar from brickwork
  • Black: unclear on what has caused this but it looks like it might be charcoal from a fire or a natural deposit that has turned to charcoal over time
  • Thicker Red: see above
  • Yellow: see above

Below the antiquarian trench we have something a little exciting! The main feature you can see is a wall which ends a lot earlier on than expected (marked in blue) and where it starts to disappear there is some sort of soil deposit (marked in yellow) along with a mysterious pit (green). On the other side of the trench there is a stone structure that is producing a lot of red burned stone (marked in red).

Interpretation: the wall deposit and pit is thought to be a robber’s trench. This is what happens when someone digs through a wall to get to whatever is inside. This is most likely to steal the stone for use in their own buildings but this could also be someone looting the items inside the building. This probably happened after the end of occupation on the site. The stone structure is thought to have been a kiln as there is burned stone and no sign of metal work.

If there’s a kiln that means that there would have been fire and heat. Is this what caused the red and black layer in the strat? Maybe that’s how the building collapsed? Could a fire have destroyed these buildings?Was anyone hurt? Was it done on purpose?

Beyond this is just a sheet of rubble that we believe is on top of a cobbled surface. It leads into trench 8.

What do you think we have going on here: let me know your interpretations in the comments. If we find out anything new and exciting that might influence these interpretations I’ll make a new post so keep an eye out for that in the next couple weeks. See you next time,

~Amy 🙂

Introduction to the Site

So I’ve talked a little about me and about what it’s like to work on the site so I guess it’s about time to talk about the site itself!

All the information for this post came from the University of York and if you wish to find out more then come along to Steve Roskam’s site tour on the 13th. Disclaimer: the excavation at Malton is ongoing and therefore anything that is said here it to the best of the departments knowledge and it may, in time, change due to new information.

Let’s start with the basics: where is Malton?

Malton is a small town on the river Derwent outside York. Most children in area will visit it at least once on a school trip because it is also home to ‘Eden Camp’: a prisoner of war camp turned interactive museum.

The red pin is Malton and the blue dot is the University.

The site we are working on is known as ‘Orchard Fields’ and it is next door to the old lodge. The lodge is a 17th century tudor mansion that was once the gatehouse for larger building that stood behind it that doesn’t exist anymore. The story goes that the two sisters who inherited the building couldn’t agree on who got to own it and it was decided that they would split the building: literally. However what is more likely is that the sister’s sold the house because they had no use for it: either way the gatehouse is currently all that survives. You can find out more about the lodge here:

Image of the lodge house taken from

Next door to the lodge is the large field known as ‘Orchard Fields’ which is the home of a Roman fort. If you know anything about Roman forts you will know that often what arises around them is a small town or village called a ‘vicus’ which would house all the non-military folk associated with the fort. This could be the wives and children of the soldiers, the merchants who made their clothes or even the retired military-men. These vicus exist around many major Roman forts across the UK. This is site that we are currently excavating on. You can learn more about that here:

Image of the fort taken from

Our excavations focus is around the Roman road that led from the north into the fort as this seems to be where the vicus is centralised. We have trenches open on both sides of the road with the aim being to work out how the settlement changed as it got further away from that central point. Currently we’re not 100% sure what the time of occupation was but there seems to be some evidence that it was occupied during the 2nd century and possibly was still in use after the end of Roman occupation of Britain. You can find out more here:

Red: our trench. Blue: the fort. Yellow: the lodge. Image taken from

Unfortunately, the site is under a farm and therefore has a lot of ploughing damage which is making it hard to diagnose so features at the moment. However by the end of this excavation period we should have a better idea of what some of them are and some interesting questions are already being raised about the nature of the site.

That’s about all we know for now. I would highly recommend coming along to the site tour next Monday if you can make it because it will go into the features we’ve found in much more depth. If you have any specific questions then please let me know and I’ll do my best to answer them,

~Amy 🙂